Bariatric Surgery is performed for the obese people when they fail to lose weight after regular exercise and diet. In this surgery, weight loss is achieved by reducing the size of the stomach with removal of a stomach portion or through the gastric bands. Restrictive and Malabsorptive procedures involve in bariatric surgery. General anesthesia is given before the surgery.
Advantages of Bariatric Surgery :
- Long term weight loss
- Recovery from diabetes
- Improvement in cardiovascular risk factors
Gastric Bypass, Gastric Band Surgery, Sleeve Gastrectomy and BPS with DS are the Types of Bariatric Surgery.
Gastric Bypass : Gastric bypass is both restrictive and malabsorptive procedure. For the gastric bypass, surgeon use small staples to make small pouch by cutting the top half of the stomach. And this will serve as new stomach. Lower portion of the stomach does not receive food. Then, small intestine is divided and bottom of it is attached into the new stomach.
- Restricts the amount of food consumed
- Significant weight loss
Sleeve Gastrectomy : Sleeve gastrectomy reduces 15 percent of stomach’s original size by the surgical removal of huge portion of stomach which result in tube like structure.
- Only need to stay in the hospital for 2 days
- Favorable changes in hormones that reduce appetite and suppress hunger
Gastric Band : Inflatable band is tied around the upper portion of the stomach. A small stomach pouch is created above the band.
- Low risk for mineral deficiencies
- No cutting of stomach is needed
(BPS/DS) Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch : Procedure is similar to sleeve gastrectomy. By removing a portion of the stomach, a small tubular stomach pouch is created . After this, a large portion of small intestine is bypassed.
- Most effective against diabetes
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