The liver is one of the major organs of the body situated in the abdomen just beneath the ribs. It is responsible for production of bile which helps to break down the food particles into nutrients suitable for absorption. It is responsible for the conversion of absorbed nutrients into different forms of energy. It is also responsible for production hormones and other vital proteins which are essential for human body. Apart from these, it is responsible for metabolism control and production of required proteins necessary for blood clotting.
The liver is primarily affected by cancer which may arise in the liver or in other parts of the body which may spread to the liver. Most of the times liver cancer is metastatic which means the liver is affected by cancer caused in other body parts. Liver Cancer does not mean tumors formed in different parts of the liver. As the liver is made up of different types of cells, most of the tumors formed in the liver are benign. These types of tumors include cysts, fibroma, hemangioma, hepatic adenoma and focal nodular hyperplasia. All these tumors are easily curable by ultrasound and surgical treatments. Serious liver cancers include HCC (hepatocellular carcinoma) and cholangiocarcinoma.
Symptoms of Liver Cancer
It is difficult to detect liver cancer at an early stage as most of the liver cancers will not show symptoms at an early stage. As the tumor grows, following symptoms are visible in people:
- Abdomen swelling
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- The color change of eyes and skin to yellow.
- Feeling pain on the right side of the abdomen.
How to Detect Liver Cancer?
Liver cancer can be detected by proper diagnosis. One can detect liver cancer by undergoing a blood test, which detects abnormalities in the functioning of the liver. An imaging test is another best way to detect liver cancer. Imaging tests include MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and CT (computerized tomography) and ultrasound test. Another major test which can diagnose liver cancer is biopsy. By undergoing liver biopsy test, one can detect liver cancer.
Treatments for Liver Cancer
Based on the age and severity of the disease, different types of treatments are offered to cure liver cancer. If the tumor is in an early stage, it can be removed by surgery. If the liver is adversely affected by cancer then liver transplantation is a suggestible treatment to cure liver cancer. Ablation therapy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are some other treatments adopted based on the severity of the disease.
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