Stomach cancer, which is scientifically termed as gastric cancer, is the acquisition of the malignant group of cells that form a mass in a part of the stomach. Several types of cancer can occur in the stomach. The most common type is called adenocarcinoma. It starts from one of the cell types found in the lining of the stomach.
Early symptoms include:
- Indigestion or heartburn
- Pain or discomfort in the abdomen
- Nausea and vomiting, particularly vomiting up solid food shortly after eating
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Bloating of the stomach after meals
- Loss of appetite
- Sensation of food getting stuck in the throat while eating
Symptoms of advanced stomach cancer may include:
- Weakness and fatigue
- Vomiting blood or having blood in the stool
- Unexplained weight loss
Surgery (Gastrectomy) - A common method in which the affected part is cut off. Key hole surgery is also done.
Chemotherapy - Anti-cancer medicines are used to kill cancer cells or stop from multiplying.
Radiotherapy - In this treatment, high energy beams are focused on cancerous tissue. It kills or stops the cell from multiplying.
Chemoradiotherapy - It is a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy which did during the surgery.
Undergoing chemotherapy or radiation may improve symptoms and may extend survival, but may not cure cancer. Surgery is recommended for mitigating cancerous cells.
As the experts do not know the real cause of gastric cancer, there are no vaccines for it. There is no way to prevent it, however, a certain measure can be taken to reduce the risk of developing the disease.
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables
- Reduce consumption of salty and smoked foods.
- Avoid smoking
- Check up with the Doctor regularly
Dr. Deepak Varma is an expert in laparoscopic surgeon in Kerala. He also conducts palliative surgeries such as gastrojejunostomy, and feeding tube placement for cancers that cannot be removed.
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